The aim of this session is to give the participants the skills, knowledge and experience in order to navigate successfully within the jungle environment. Navigation is a skill that anyone can learn ; map, compass and a retentive memory, along with a cool head, are the main requisites. The direction of stream flow, a rise of fall in contours, are normally the only aids in featureless terrains. But the depth of a stream, the thickness of the bush, the flight of the birds, the age of a track and many other signs are always there to be read like a book by the initiated and turned into advantage when, to others with senses deadened and mind dulled by a depressing and endless similarity, the Jungle imposes itself as an environment which cannot be mastered. “A clever man can get himself out of a situation a wise man would never get into” Introduction 1. Discuss the differing navigation techniques that can be used. 2. Discuss things that will hinder our ability to navigate within a jungle environment. Moving through the jungle Moving techniques : discussions on the following With practice, movement through thick undergrowth and jungle can be done efficiently. Always wear long sleeves to avoid cuts and scratches. To move easily, you must develop "jungle eye," that is, you should not concentrate on the pattern of bushes and trees to your immediate front. You must focus on the jungle further out and find natural breaks in the foliage. Look through the jungle, not at it. Stop and stoop down occasionally to look along the jungle floor. This action may reveal game trails that you can follow. Stay alert and move slowly and steadily through dense forest or jungle. Stop periodically to listen and take your bearings. Use a machete to cut through dense vegetation, but do not cut unnecessarily or you will quickly wear yourself out. If using a machete, stroke upward when cutting vines to reduce noise because sound carries long distances in the jungle. Use a stick to part the vegetation. Using a stick will also help dislodge biting ants, spiders, or snakes. Do not grasp at brush or vines when climbing slopes; they may have irritating spines or sharp thorns. Many jungle and forest animals follow game trails. These trails wind and cross, but frequently lead to water or clearings. Use these trails if they lead in your desired direction of travel. In many countries, electric and telephone lines run for miles through sparsely inhabited areas. Usually, the right-of-way is clear enough to allow easy travel. When traveling along these lines, be careful as you approach transformer and relay stations. In enemy territory, they may be guarded. Cover the following: • Moving solo through the jungle • Moving as a group of people • Planning food and water while traveling • Signalling whilst moving: leaving piles of stones/ branch tripods, snapping branches at eye level to leave a track for rescuers to follow. “It’s good practice to walk on a ridge instead of in a valley because it’s easier to get spotted by rescuers from there. A valley’s feature is usually rocky with creeping vegetation. Streams are useful in determining direction, but they are not the safest terrain to walk on” Take group on a nature trail through an area of thick brush in order to simulate disorientation and allow them to experience the reality of moving through such areas. Activity: Mapping survival area. • Lead the group in an activity where the children will create maps of their survival area, surveying the land in search of easily identifiable features. • If there are turning points in routes, encourage the children to build stone piles or branch tripods to make sure they are progressing and not moving in circles. • Once the children are back at their original position they are to redraw their maps into their survival journal in more detail. Making a key identifying the specific features on the ground that are most important to them. • As a group discuss which features they have chosen as the most important and why. Navigation without compass Navigation without compass training and discussion. • Big dipper method • Two stick method • Crescent moon method • Wrist watch method • Observing nature methods Closing A chance for the group to discuss how they could use these techniques in other habitats, which ones are better suited to specific ones rather than others.